Understanding Architectural Drawings

Types of Drawings

This section show the different types of architectural drawings there are and what they are for. It shows the main four kinds of drawings: elevation, plan, section and perspective; together with more specialised kinds of drawings: bird’s-eye view and floor plan with laid-out wall elevations.

Some important buildings are shown: The Pantheon in Rome, one of the greatest Roman buildings to survive; Soane’s own country House, Pitzhanger Manor in Ealing and Lady Williams Wynne’s Room, St James’s Square, designed by Robert Adam, whose drawings Soane bought for his collection.

 Floor Plan with Laid-Out Wall Elevations

Floor Plan with Laid-Out Wall Elevations:


Lady Williams Wynne’s Room, St James’s Square
Adam Vol. 40/70
 

Another kind of drawing is the floor plan with laid-out wall elevations. It is a combination of a plan for a single room with the internal elevations of the walls shown, as if it were a box with the walls flattened open. Sometimes the ceiling would also be shown on this kind of drawing.

This sort of drawing is easy for the client to understand and cheaper than a model. This is a drawing by Robert Adam’s office for Lady Williams Wynne’s room in a house in St James’s Square in London and was drawn in about 1772. Robert Adam was a famous architect who had a big office in London, and was older than Soane. After the Adam office closed, Soane bought many of the Adam drawings to add to his collection.