Understanding Architectural Drawings

Types of Drawings

This section show the different types of architectural drawings there are and what they are for. It shows the main four kinds of drawings: elevation, plan, section and perspective; together with more specialised kinds of drawings: bird’s-eye view and floor plan with laid-out wall elevations.

Some important buildings are shown: The Pantheon in Rome, one of the greatest Roman buildings to survive; Soane’s own country House, Pitzhanger Manor in Ealing and Lady Williams Wynne’s Room, St James’s Square, designed by Robert Adam, whose drawings Soane bought for his collection.

Plan: The Pantheon

Plan: The Pantheon


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A plan, like this one of the Pantheon, shows the layout of the building seen from above as if the building were only built to just above the ground. You can see the huge round space in the centre of the building and the arrangement of the columns of the portico.